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Mahmood Kapustin
Mahmood Kapustin

History Of The Filipino Peoplepdf Free 36


As we shall see, the history of the Philippines is closely connectedwith that of the East Indian Spice Islands. When the Spanish forcestook the rich island of Ternate in 1606, the triumph was commemoratedby a volume, finely written, though not free from mistakes, theConquista de las Islas Moluccas, by Leonardo de Argensola,Madrid, 1609. There is an old English translation, and also French andDutch translations.




History Of The Filipino Peoplepdf Free 36



Some years after, and as a sort of protest against so extensive atreatment of history, the sane and admirable Augustinian, FatherJoaquin Martinez de Zuñiga, wrote his Historia delas Islas Filipinas, a volume of about seven hundred pages. It wasprinted in Sampaloc, Manila, in 1803. This writer is exceptional forhis fairmindedness, his freedom from the narrow prejudices which havecharacterized most of the writers on the Philippines. His language isterse and spirited, and his volume is the most readable and, in manyways, the most valuable attempt at a history of the Philippines. Hisnarrative closes with the English occupation of Manila in 1763.


The variety of situations and problems that exist in our world is indeed great and rapidly changing. For this reason it is all the more necessary to guard against generalizations and unwarranted simplifications. It is possible, however, to highlight some trends that are emerging in present-day society. The gospel records that the weeds and the good grain grew together in the farmer's field. The same is true in history, where in everyday life there often exist contradictions in the exercise of human freedom, where there is found, side by side and at times closely intertwined, evil and good, injustice and justice, anguish and hope.


The sense of the dignity of the human person must be pondered and reaffirmed in stronger. terms. A beneficial trend is advancing and permeating all peoples of the earth, making them ever more aware of the dignity of the individual: the person is not at all a "thing" or an "object" to be used, but primarily a responsible "subject", one endowed with conscience and freedom, called to live responsibly in society and history, and oriented towards spiritual and religious values.


24. The Holy Spirit, while bestowing diverse ministries in Church communion, enriches it still further with particular gifts or promptings of grace, called charisms. These can take a great variety of forms, both as a manifestation of the absolute freedom of the Spirit who abundantly supplies them, and as a response to the varied needs of the Church in history. The description and the classification given to these gifts in the New Testament are an indication of their rich variety. "To each is given the manifestation of the Spirit for the common good. To one is given through the Spirit the utterance of wisdom, and to another the utterance of knowledge according to the same Spirit, to another faith by the same Spirit, to another gifts of healing by the one Spirit, to another the working of miracles, to another prophecy, to another the ability to distinguish between spirits, to another various kinds of tongues, to another the interpretation of tongues" (1 Cor 12:7-10; cf. 1 Cor 12:4-6, 28-31; Rom 12:6-8; 1 Pt 4:10-11).


While she is to fulfill her duty to evangelize, woman is to feel more acutely her need to be evangelized. Thus, with her vision illumined by faith (cf. Eph 1:18), woman is to be able to distinguish what truly responds to her dignity as a person and to her vocation from all that, under the pretext of this "dignity" and in the name of "freedom" and "progress", militates against true values. On the contrary, these false values become responsible for the moral degradation of the person, the environment and society. This same "discernment", made possible and demanded from Christian women's participation in the prophetic mission of Christ and his Church, recurs with continued urgency throughout history. This "discernment", often mentioned by the Apostle Paul, is not only a matter of evaluating reality and events in the light of faith, but also involves a real decision and obligation to employ it, not only in Church life but also in human society.


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